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Project 58 Grozny class


NATO: Kynda class


Overview


Project 58 class

Soviet navy Project 58 (NATO: Kynda) class cruiser at sea.
Source: US Navy - © Public domain

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Cruiser
Entered service
1962
Status
Out of service
Development
1956 - 1960
Developer
Soviet Union
Production
1960 - 1965
Producer
Soviet Union - Zhdanov yard in Leningrad
Number produced
4
Designations
Project 58
Kynda class (NATO reporting name)
Grozny class (lead ship)
Notable users
Soviet Union

Description


Introduction

The Project 58 class is an early Cold War era class of Soviet cruisers. They were developed for use in the anti-ship role. In the West these ships were known under the NATO reporting name "Kynda". The design proved not very effective, being top heavy. Of the 10 ships planned only 4 were completed. It was soon supplemented by the Project 1134 Berkut (NATO: Kresta I) class.

Layout

The Project 58 is a classic Cold War era Soviet rocket cruiser with the odd feature of having a large trainable four round SM-70 missile launcher forward and aft. A large sensor mast is fitted in front of each funnel. The twin arm SAM launcher of the M-1 Volna system is mounted forward and the two gun turrets at the rear. A helicopter deck allows a Ka-25PL anti-submarine helicopter to be carried.

Firepower

The main armament consist of two trainable four round launchers for the P-35 Progress (NATO: SS-N-3 Shaddock) surface to surface missile, with a total of 16 missiles carried. Additionally two twin 76mm AK-726 dual purpose turrets are fitted. Air defense is provided by a single twin round M-1 Volna (SA-N-1 Goa) launcher with 16 missiles. To augment self-defense four 30mm AK-630 close-in weapon systems were added in the 1980's. Anti-submarine weapons include two tripple 533mm torpedo launchers and two RBU-6000 ASW rocket launchers.

Sensors

Sensor systems include a MR-302 surface search radar, MR-500 air search radar and GAS-372 hull mounted sonar. Additionally ECM equipment, navigation radar and fire control radars are fitted.

Mobility

The Kynda class is steam powered and features four boilers and two turbines that power two shafts. The 100.000 hp provides a maximum speed of 35 kt and maximum range of 7.000 nm at 15 kt.

Users

The Kynda class was only used by the USSR. A total of four ships were produced. It was supplemented by the Kresta I class which features a near similar armament but has better sea going capability and sensor systems.

Details


Facts Project 58 class
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Cruiser
Complement
339, including 27 officers
Dimensions
Displacement
4.430 t standard
5.570 t full load
Length
141.7 full length
134 m waterline
Beam
16 m widest
15.2 m waterline
Draft
5.1 - 5.3 m
Propulsion
Arrangement
4 boilers, 2 turbines
Engines
2x TV-12 turbine, 90.000 hp combined
Propulsion
2 shafts
Mobility
Speed
34.5 kt maximum
14 kt economic
Range
1.600 nm at 34 kt
3.500 nm at 18 kt
4.500 nm at 14 kt
Autonomy
10 days
Sensors
Air/surface search
2x MR-300 Angara
Replaced by 1 or 2 MR-310 Angara-A in refit
Sonar
1x GS-572 Herkules-2M hull mounted sonar
Fire control radar
1x 4R90 Yatagan for M-1 Volna
Fire control radar
2x 4P44 Binom for P-35 Progress
Fire control radar
2x MR-105 Turel for AK-726
Fire control radar
2x MR-123 Vympel for CIWS (added in 1980's)
Navigation radar
DonKay
Systems
ESM
2x MRP-15-16 Zaliv
ECM
2x Krab-11
2x Krab-12
Aircraft communications
2x Uspekh-U
Guns
Dual purpose guns
2x2 76mm AK-726
CIWS
4x AK-630 (added in 1980's)
SSM
Anti-ship
2x4 SM-70 launchers for P-35 Progress
16 missiles carried
SAM
Medium range
1x2 ZIF-101 launcher for M-1 Volna system
16 missiles carried
Upgraded to Volna-P and later Volna-N
ASW
ASW rockets
2x RBU-6000 Smerch-2
Torpedo launcher
2x3 TTA-53-57bis tripple tube 533mm
Torpedo types
SET-53 and Type 53-57
Aircraft
Facilities
Hanger for 1 helicopter
Supported aircraft
Ka-25PL

Media


Subcomponents


4K44 Progress
2x4 SM-70 trainable launcher for P-35 Progress anti-ship missile. 16 weapons carried, with 8 ready to launch. 4P44 Binom fire control radars provide target input.
1x2 ZIF-101 launcher for M-1 Volna system on the bow. 16 missiles in total. Upgraded to Volna-P in 1974-75 and later to Volna-N standard.
2x2 76mm AK-726 on the stern, controlled by 2x MR-105 Turel fire control radars.
4x 30mm AK-630 close-in weapon system. Added in the 1980's. Used in conjunction with 2x MR-123 Vympel radar.
2x RBU-6000 depth charge launcher, controlled by Burya fire control system.
SET-53
533mm SET-53 torpedo launched from 2x3 TTA-53-57bis torpedo tubes.
Type 53-57
533mm 53-57 torpedo launched from 2x3 TTA-53-57bis torpedo tubes.
Kamov Ka-25PL
Facilities for a single Ka-25PL (NATO: Hormone-A) anti-submarine warfare helicopter.