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Project 1134 Berkut class


NATO: Kresta I


Overview


Project 1134 Berkut class

Aerial view of Project 1134 Berkut (NATO: Kresta I) class cruiser at sea.
Source: US Navy - © Public domain

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Cruiser
Entered service
1967
Status
Out of service
Development
1961 - 1964
Developer
Soviet Union
Production
1964 - 1969
Producer
Soviet Union - Zhdanov yard in Leningrad
Number produced
4
Designations
Project 1134 class (Soviet designation)
Kresta I (NATO reporting name)
Admiral Zozulya (first of class)
Berkut class (Soviet nickname)
Russian for "golden eagle"
Notable users
Soviet Union

Description


Introduction

The Project 1134 Berkut is a Cold War era class of Soviet cruisers. They were developed to supplement the Project 58 (NATO: Kynda) class. The name Kresta I is the NATO reporting name for this class. A total of 7 ships was planned, but only 4 were produced when the production switched to the Project 1134A Berkut-A (NATO: Kresta II) class. This uses the same hull but is used in the anti-submarine role and is described separately.

Layout

The Project 1134 Berkut is the first of the classic Cold War era Soviet rocket cruisers since it has its large missiles positioned alongside the bridge. The aft superstructure features two sensor masts. The twin arm SAM launchers are mounted forward and aft. A helicopter deck with hanger located at the stern allows a Ka-25 helicopter to be carried.

Firepower

The main armament consist of two twin round launchers for the P-35 Progress (SS-N-3 Shaddock) surface to surface missile. Additionally two twin 57mm AK-725 dual purpose turrets are fitted. Air defense is provided by a two twin arm ZIF-102 launchers for the M-1M Volna-M (SA-N-1 Goa) medium range SAM systems, with a total of 44 missiles. Anti-submarine weapons include two quintuple 533mm torpedo launchers and two RBU-6000 and two RBU-1000 ASW rocket launchers.

Sensors

Sensor systems include a MR-302 and MR-310 surface search radar, MR-500 air search radar and MG-312 hull mounted sonar. Additionally ECM equipment, navigation radar and fire control radars are fitted.

Mobility

The Project 1134 Berkut class is steam powered and features four boilers and two turbines that power two shafts. The 92.000 hp provides a maximum speed of 34 kt and maximum range of 10.500 nm at 14 kt.

Users

The Kresta I class was only used by the USSR and later Russia. It supplemented the Project 58 (Kynda) class which features a near similar armament but carries more anti-ship missiles. The same hull design served as the basis for the Project 1134A Berkut-A anti-submarine cruisers.

Details


Facts Project 1134 Berkut
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Cruiser
Complement
312, including 20 officers
Dimensions
Displacement
5.340 t standard
7.170 t full load
Length
156.2 m
Beam
16.8 m
Draft
5.6 m
Propulsion
Arrangement
4 boilers, 2 turbines
Engines
2x TV-12 turbine, 92.000 hp combined
Propulsion
2 shafts, fixed pitch propellers
Mobility
Speed
34 kt max
14 kt economic
Range
2.400 nm at 32 kt
5.000 nm at 18 kt
Autonomy
15 days
Sensors
Air/surface search
MR-500 Kliver
Air/surface search
MR-310 Angara-A
Sonar
MG-312M Titan
Sonar
GAS-311 Vychegda
Fire control radar
2x 4R90 Yatagan for M-1 Volna-M
Fire control radar
MR-103 Bars for AK-725
Fire control radar
MR-123 Vympel for AK-630 (refit on 2 ships)
Navigation radar
Volga
Systems
ESM
2x Gurzuf, Gurzuf-1
ESM
MRP-15-16 Zaliv
ESM
ARP-50R radio direction finder
IFF
3x Nickel-KM
IFF
2x Khrom-KM
Decoys
PK-2 decoy launchers
Guns
Dual purpose
2x2 57mm AK-725 with 4.200 round in total
CIWS
2x 30mm AK-630 (refit on 2 ships)
SSM
Anti-ship
2x2 KT-35-1135 for P-35 progress
SAM
Medium range
2x2 ZIF-102 launcher for M-1M Volna-M system
64 V-601 missiles carried
ASW
ASW rockets
2x12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2
2x6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3
Torpedo tubes
2x5 PTA-53-1134 torpedo tubes
Torpedo types
10x 53-65, 53-65K, SET-65
Aircraft
Facilities
Hanger for 1 helicopter
Supported aircraft
Ka-25PL anti-submarine helicopter
Ka-25Ts OTH targeting helicopter

Media


Subsystems


4K44 Progress
2x2 KT-35-1134 launchers for P-35 Progress.
2x2 ZIF-102 launcher for M-1M Volna-M medium range SAM system. 64 missiles carried in total.
2x2 57mm AK-725 dual purpose guns.
2x1 30mm AK-630 close-in weapon system. Added onto 2 ships during refit.
2x RBU-6000 depth charge launcher. Connected to Burya fire control system.
2x RBU-1000 depth charge launcher. Connected to Burya fire control system.
Type 53-65
533mm 53-65 or 53-65V in 2x5 PTA-53-1134 torpedo tubes.
533mm SET-65 in 2x5 PTA-53-1134 torpedo tubes.
Ka-25PL
Hangar and helicopter deck for 1x Ka-25PL anti-submarine or 1x Ka-25Ts OTH targeting helicopter.