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FN SAFN-49



Overview


SAFN-49

Left and right hand side of an Egyptian SAFN-49 chambered in 7.92x57mm.
Source: www.empirearms.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Belgium
Type
Self-loading rifle
Entered service
Late 1940's
Status
Obsolete
Development
1939 - 1947
Developer
Belgium - Fabrique Nationale
Dieudonné Saive
Production
1948 - 1960
Producer
Belgium - Fabrique Nationale
Number produced
Over 176.000
Designations
Modèle 1949
Fabrique Nationale Model 1949
FN-49
FN AL
Notable users
Belgium
Argentina

Description


Introduction

The SAFN-49 is a self-loading rifle of Belgian origin. It was developed Dieudonné Saive for Fabrique Nationale. The name SAFN-49 stands for "Saive Automatique Fabrique Nationale 1949". The development started before World War 2 in Belgium and was completed in the UK during the final stages of the war. The SAFN-49 was not as successful as the MAS 49/56 or the M1 Garand, but sold well. It was replaced in production by the more capable FN FAL battle rifle.

Design

The SAFN-49 is a magazine fed gas operated weapon with tilting bolt. It has a classic wooden furniture, a fixed stock and rifle type grip. During the Korean War the SAFN-49 reportedly proved to be more reliable and accurate than the M1 Garand. A number of SAFN-49 have been fitted with an optical sight for use as a sniper rifle.

Firepower

The SAFN-49 is a semi-automatic weapon fed by a 10 round box magazine. It is most commonly chambered in .30-06 Spingfield, but was also produced in 7x57mm Mauser, 7.92x57mm Mauser or 7.65x53mm Argentine. The maximum effective range was claimed to be 700 meters. In Argentine service it was converted to 7.62x51mm NATO and used a 20 round magazine.

Users

About half of the total production was for the Belgian military. Belgium was the third out of nine nations to adopt it. The SAFN-49 was also sold to various South American nations and several other nations around the world. Nowadays the SAFN-49 is considered obsolete and all have been withdrawn from active service.

Variants


SAFN-49 variants

The SAFN-49 was produced in one version, but was chambered for several calibers. About three quarters of the production models are chambered for the US .30-06 Springfield round. Other calibers include 7x57mm Mauser, 7.92x57mm Mauser and 7.65x53mm Argentine.

Argentine modifications

Many Argentine models were converted in the late 1960’s from 7.65x53mm to 7.62x51mm NATO by the Argentine firm Halcón. They were fitted with proprietary 20 round magazines.

Details


Facts SAFN-49
General
Origin
Belgium
Type
Self-loading rifle
Caliber
Caliber
.30-06 Spingfield
7.92x57mm Mauser
7x57mm Mauser
7.65x53mm Argentine
Feed system
10 round detachable box
Barrel length
589 mm
Rifling
4 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity
730 m/s
Operation
Action
Gas operated, short stroke gas piston
Locking
Tilting bolt
Fire selector
0 - 1
Rate of fire
Semi-automatic
Dimensions
Stock type
Fixed wooden stock
Length
1.201 mm
Weight
4.3 kg
Sights
Mechanical
Iron sights, shielded post front and tangent aperture rear
Optics
Optional OIP 4x scope for use as sniper rifle

Media