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MT-LB



Overview


MT-LB

MT-LBLV with 12.7mm heavy machine gun in service with Russian arctic brigage.
Source: www.mil.ru - © GNU Attribution Share Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Armored personnel carrier
Entered service
1964
Status
In service
Development
Early 1960's
Developer
Soviet Union
Production
Early 1960's - ?
Producer
Soviet Union - KhTZ / Kharkov Tractor Plant
Poland
Number produced
Over 55.000
Designations
Obyekt 6 (GABTU index)
MT-LB / Mnogotselevoy Tyagach Legkiy Bronirovannyy
Russian for "light armored multipurpose tractor"
M1970 (NATO reporting name)
Notable users
Soviet Union
Russia
Ukraine
Iraq

Description


Introduction

The MT-LB is a tracked armored personnel carrier of Soviet origin. Although often classified as armored personnel carrier, it was actually developed as prime mover for towed guns and multipurpose chassis. The MT-LB has been used as a chassis for a variety of weapon systems. These include tank destroyer, SAM system, reconnaissance and command post vehicles. Due to its widespread use and large production numbers the MT-LB is an iconic Cold War combat vehicle.

Layout

The MT-LB is a tracked vehicle. The driver and gunner sit at the front. The engine is located in the middle on the left. This powers the drive sprocket at the front. The rear of the vehicle seats the infantry. When used as a prime mover the rear area holds the gun crew and some shells for immediate use. The MT-LB was developed to have a low silhouette. This lowers the center of gravity and makes the vehicle easier to hide in a gun position.

Firepower

The MT-LB is fitted with a 7.62mm PKT machine gun in a small one man overhead turret. This mainly serves for self-defense and cover fire for infantry. Small numbers were fitted with a 12.7mm heavy machine gun. In various conflicts the MT-LB was used as a self-propelled chassis for heavy infantry weapons. These often include the 23mm ZU-23 anti-aircraft gun and 82mm 2B9 Vasilek mortar.

Protection

The steel armor protects the crew from small arms fire and shells splinters all around. Over the frontal arc the MT-LB has a limited ability to withstand heavy machine gun fire.

Mobility

The MT-LB is known for its good mobility and reliability. The limited ground pressure and amphibious capability allows it to traverse difficult terrain, such as marshlands.

Users

The MT-LB was produced in large quantities. Over 55.000 vehicles were produced, including many as chassis for various weapon systems. The MT-LB was used in large numbers by the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact. Large quantities were exported to the Middle East, Asia and Africa. The MT-LB remains in common use today.

Details


Facts MT-LB
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Armored personnel carrier
Crew
2 + 11 (driver, gunner, 11 troops)
Dimensions
Weight
9.7 t
12.2 t with cargo
Length
6.45 m
Width
2.82 m
Height
1.89 m
Armament
Type
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Mount
Small remote operated turret
Ammunition
2.000 rounds, 250 ready to fire
Traverse
360°
Sight
PP-61B
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels
Layout
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Ground pressure
0.46 kg/cm²
Tread
2.5 m
Track on ground
3.7 m
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine
YaMZ-238V
Power output
240 hp
Fuel
450 L
Mobility
Speed
62 km/h on road
30 km/h off road
5 - 6 km/h afloat
Range
500 km on road
Power to weight ratio
19.7 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.4 m
Wall
0.7 m
Trench
2.8 m
Gradient
35°
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Armor thickness
14 mm front
7 mm top, sides and rear

Variants


Weapon systems based on MT-LB chassis

MT-LB with ZU-23-2

The MT-LB often serves as a weapons carrier. The 23mm ZU-23-2 towed anti-aircraft gun is often placed on the roof of the MT-LB and used against ground targets.

9P149 Shturm-S

Tank destroyer armed with high velocity 9M114 long range anti-tank missile. The low profile of the MT-LB is very useful for a tank destroyer in ambush position.

9K35 Strela-10

Self-propelled SAM system with infrared guided surface to air missiles.

2S1 Gvozdika

The 2S1 self-propelled howitzer with 122mm ordnance is based on a lengthened MT-LB chassis.

Media


Related articles


PKT

The MT-LB is armed with a single 7.62mm PKT machine gun. This is fitted in a small one man turret.