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BTR-60PB



Overview


BTR-60PB

Forward view BTR-60PB armored personnel carrier.
Source: US DOD - © public domain

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Armored personnel carrier
Entered service
Early 1960's
Status
In service
Development
Early 1960's
Developer
Soviet Union
Production
1960's - 1976
Producer
Soviet Union - GAZ
Unit cost
Number produced
Designations
GAZ-49B (industry index for BTR-60PB)
Notable users

Description


Introduction

The BTR-60PB is an armored personnel carrier of Soviet origin. It was developed in the 1960's as a more capable armored personnel carrier than the earlier BTR-60P. The BTR-60PB was the most common variant of the BTR-60 series of vehicles. Estimates indicate that over half of the 25.000 vehicles produced were of the BTR-60PB variant.

Layout

The BTR-60PB has a layout which was considered unconventional at the time. The driver and commander are seated at the front, the troop compartment is at the middle and the two engines are fitted at the rear. The 8x8 chassis with four steerable front wheels results in a long and sleek vehicle. Whereas the early BTR-60P was fitted with pintle mounted machine guns, the BTR-60PB introduced heavier armament in a one man turret.

Firepower

The BTR-60PB is fitted with a one man turret with 14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun and 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun. The KPVT was considered powerful armament, having twice the muzzle energy of as 12.7mm heavy machine gun.

Protection

The steel armor protects the crew from small arms fire and shell splinters. The BTR-60PB is operated from under full armor protection, unlike the earlier open roof BTR-60P. The wheels are vulnerable to puncture, but the vehicle remains mobile with one or two punctures.

Mobility

The 8x8 chassis provides a good off road capability, although not at the same level as tracked vehicles. This is offset by a high road speed of up to 80 km/h. Two separate 90 hp gasoline engine provide propulsion, a setup which proved prone to brake downs. The BTR-60 is amphibious and propelled in the water by a water jet at the rear at speeds up to 10 km/h.

Users

The BTR-60PB was used in large quantities by the USSR and Warsaw Pact nations and many were exported to nations with close ties to the USSR. Most have been replaced by more modern designs, including the BTR-70 and BTR-80. Still large quantities remain in service around the world.

Details


Facts BTR-60PB
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Armored personnel carrier
Crew
3 + 7 (commander, driver, gunner, 7 troops)
Dimensions
Weight
10.3 t combat load
Length
7.56 m
Width
2.83 m
Height
2.06 m (roof)
2.31 m (turret top)
Main armament
Type
14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun
Mount
Main gun in turret
Ammunition
500 rounds, 50 ready to fire
Elevation
-5 to +30°, manual
Traverse
360°, manual
Stabilizer
No
Secondary armament
Type
7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
2.000 rounds, 250 ready to fire
Traverse
Traverse and elevation as main armament
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Wheeled chassis, 8x8
Tread
2.37 m
Wheelbase
1.35 + 1.53 + 1.35 m
Automotive
Engine
2x GAZ-49B 6-cylinder petrol
Power output
90 hp at 3.400 rpm each
Transmission
Manual, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
290 L
Mobility
Speed
80 km/h on road
10 km/h afloat
Range
500 km on road
Power to weight ratio
17.5 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.47 m
Wall
0.4 m
Trench
2 m
Gradient
60%
Slope
40%
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Armor thickness
5 to 9 mm
NBC system
Yes
Smoke system
No
Equipment
Night vision
Yes

Media


Related articles


Vladimirov KPV

The 14.5mm KPVT serves as main armament on the BTR-60PB.

PKT

The 7.62mm PKT serves as coaxial armament on the BTR-60PB.