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9K310 Igla-1


NATO: SA-16 Gimlet


Overview


9K310 Igla-1

9K310 Igla-1 man portable SAM system on a display stand.
Source: www.bemil.chosun.com - © GNU Attribution - Share Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Man portable SAM system
Entered service
1981
Status
In service
Development
1972 - Late 1970's
Developer
Soviet Union - OKB Kolomna
Production
1981 - ?
Producer
Soviet Union - KBM Kolomna
Russia - KBM Kolomna
Bulgaria
Number produced
Produced in significant quantity
Designations
SA-16 Gimlet (NATO reporting name)
Igla-1
Russian for "needle 1"
9K310 (GRAU index for system)
9M313 (GRAU index for missile)

Description


Introduction

The 9K310 Igla-1 is a late Cold War era man portable SAM system of Soviet origin. In the West its is known under the NATO reporting name "SA-16 Gimlet". The Igla-1 is a simplified spin-off from the Igla design project, which eventually resulted in the more capable 9K38 Igla (NATO: SA-18 Grouse). Still, the Igla-1 proved far more capable than the aging 9K32 Strela-2 (NATO: SA-7 Grail).

Design

The Igla-1 has a conventional design. It is an infrared guided missile with second generation passive infrared seeker in the nose. This is followed by the warhead section and the rocket engine. A booster launches the missile from the gripstock launcher and provides initial velocity. The missile has four small wings at the front for steering and larger folding wings near the nozzle for stability. The gripstock launcher consists of a launch tube, sight unit, battery unit and trigger group.

Firepower

The Igla-1 features a second generation infrared seeker that allows for an all aspect engagement of helicopters and aircraft. The 9M313 missile has a range of 5 km and ceiling of 2.5 km. The increased speed of the missile allows it to engage targets travelling just above Mach 1. Compared to the earlier 9K32M Strela-2M (NATO: SA-7 Grail) the seeker is more capable and less easy to deceive with flares.

Mobility

The Igla-1 is a very mobile system as the missile and its gripstock launcher are man portable, even over longer ranges. The system is operated by a single person. A four round launcher is used on ships of various sizes.

Users

The 9K310 Igla-1 was adopted in large quantity by the Soviet Union, and later Russia. Although less capable, it is cheaper than the 9K38 Igla (NATO: SA-18 Grouse). This made that the Igla-1 was exported in large quantities and it is in widespread use today.

System composition


9K310 Igla-1

Ukranian soldier with 9K310 Igla-1 system in 2016.
Source: Ministry of Defense of Ukraine - © GNU Attribution - Share Alike license

9K310 Igla-1 components

9M313 missile
9M313 or 9M313-1 missile in 9P322 disposable launch tube.
9P519 gripstock
Reusable gripstock launcher with sight unit.
1L14 IFF-system
Optional IFF-system that can be attached to the sight unit.
9P238 battery
Thermal battery that powers the launcher and cools the seeker when acquiring a target.

Details


Facts 9M313
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Surface to air missile
Dimensions
Length
1.673 mm
Diameter
72 mm
Wingspan
160 mm
Weight
10.8 kg
Guidance
Guidance mode
Single channel passive infra-red homing seeker
Envelope
Receding and approaching targets
Max target speed
310 m/s approaching
260 m/s receding
Warhead
Type
HE-fragmentation
Weight
1.27 kg
Fuse
Impact fuse
Engagement envelope
Propulsion
Single-stage solid propellant rocket motor, plus ejection motor
Speed
570 m/s
Range
5 km maximum
0.5 km minimum
Altitude
10 m to 2.5 km

Media


Related articles


9K32 Strela-2

The 9K310 Igla-1 was developed to replace the large stocks of older 9K32M Strela-2M in Soviet service.