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Type 89



Overview


Type 89

Left side view of Type 89 mechanized infantry combat vehicle in the field.
Source: www.rikuzi-chousadan.com - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Japan
Type
Mechanized infantry combat vehicle
Entered service
1991
Status
In service
Development
1981 - 1989
Developer
Japan - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Japan - Komatsu
Production
1989 - 2004
Producer
Japan - Mitsubishi Heavy Industries
Unit cost
680 million Yen (estimate)
Number produced
68, plus 4 prototypes
Designations
三菱89式装甲戦闘車
Light tiger (nickname)
89FV (nickname)
Notable users
Japan - JGSDF

Description


Introduction

The Type 89 is a mechanized infantry vehicle of Japanese origin. The requirement for such a vehicle was drafted in the early 1980's and the design was finished in the late 1980's. The Type 89 is a very capable and well armed vehicle. Due to its high costs only a limited number has been produced thus far.

Design

The Type 89 has a conventional design with the driver, engine and drive train in the front of the vehicle. The two person turret is mounted in the middle and the infantry compartment is at the rear. The infantry exit through two doors at the rear.

Firepower

The main armament of the Type 89 is the powerful 35mm KDE autocannon. The cyclic rate of fire is 200 rpm. A 7.62mm Type 74 machine gun is fitted as a coaxial weapon. On either side of the turret a single Jyu-MAT anti-tank missile is fitted, which has a range of over 4 km. A total of 7 firing ports allows the use of personal weapons from within the vehicle.

Protection

The steel armor protects from small arms fire and shell splinters from all angles. Over the frontal arc the protection level is much better and may prove sufficient against 25mm APDS rounds fire from a distance. An NBC system, a laser warning device and two banks of smoke grenade dischargers are fitted.

Mobility

The Type 89 has a high level of mobility. The tracked chassis results in a good off road performance. The maximum speed is 70 km/h. A 600 hp diesel provides propulsion.

Users

The Type 89 is only used by the Japanese Ground Self-Defense Force. Over 70 vehicles have been produced and the total requirement is 300 units. It seems unlikely that the whole order will be fulfilled. It is expected that a lower cost wheeled infantry fighting vehicle will fulfill most of the requirement.

Details


Facts Type 89
General
Origin
Japan
Type
Mechanized infantry fighting vehicle
Crew
3 + 7 (commander, driver, gunner, 7 infantry)
Dimensions
Weight
27.0 t combat load
Length
6.7 m
Width
3.20 m
Height
2.50 m to turret top
2.75 m overall
Main armament
Type
35mm Oerlikon KDE dual feed autocannon
Mount
Main gun in turret
Ammunition
Total unknown, 17 APDS and 17 HEI ready to fire
Traverse
360°, powered
Coaxial armament
Type
7.62mm Type 74 vehicle machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
2.000 rounds (estimate)
Traverse
Elevation and traverse as main armament
Secondary armament
Type
Type 79 Juy-MAT anti-tank missile
Mount
Single launcher on either side of turret
Ammunition
4 missiles in total, 2 ready to fire
Traverse
360°, powered
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels
Layout
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Track width
0.45 m
Track on ground
4.00 m
Tread
2.68 m
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine model
Mitsubishi 6SY31WA
Engine type
6-cylinder water-cooled turbo diesel
Power output
600 hp at 2.000 rpm
Transmission
Automatic, 4 forward, 2 reverse
Mobility
Speed
70 km/h on road
42 km/h in reverse
Range
400 km
Power to weight ratio
22.2 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.45 m
Wall
0.8 m
Trench
2.4 m
Gradient
60 %
Slope
30 %
Fording
1 m
Protection
Armor type
Steel ceramic composite armor
NBC system
Yes
Smoke system
2x3 smoke grenade dischargers
Equipment
Night vision
Yes
Radio
Yes

Media


Related articles


35mm Oerlikon KDE

The Type 89 is fitted with the Oerlikon KDE, which is produced under license in Japan.

Sumitomo Type 74

The Type 74 vehicle machine gun is used as coaxial armament on the Type 89.

Type 99

The Type 99 self-propelled howitzer is based on an elongated Type 89 chassis.

Type 96

The Type 96 self-propelled mortar shares various automotive components with the Type 89 MICV.