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T-80B



Overview


T-80B

T-80B main battle tank on display in 2017.
Source: Alan Wilson - © GNU Attribution Share Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Main battle tank
Entered service
1978
Status
Out of service
Development
Mid 1970's
Developer
Soviet Union - SKB-2 of Leningrad Kirov factory
Production
1978 -
Producer
Soviet Union - Omsktransmash
Number produced
Several thousand
Designations
Obyekt 219R (GABTU index for T-80B)
Obyekt 630 (GABTU index for T-80BK)
Notable users
Soviet Union

Details


Facts T-80B obr 1980
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Main battle tank
Crew
3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Dimensions
Weight
42.5 t combat load
Length
9.65 m gun forward
6.98 m hull
Width
3.58 m
Height
2.22 m to turret roof
Main armament
Type
125mm 2A46-2 smoothbore gun
Mount
Main gun in turret
Ammunition
38 rounds, including 4 missiles
Loading
Caroussel type autoloader
Elevation
-5° to +14°, powered
Traverse
360°, powered
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Coaxial armament
Type
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
1.250 rounds, 250 ready to fire
Traverse
Traverse and elevation as main armament
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Secondary armament
Type
12.7mm NSVT heavy machine gun
Mount
Turret roof
Ammunition
300 rounds, 50 ready to fire
Elevation
Manual
Traverse
360°, manual
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels
Layout
Idler front, drive sprocket rear
Track width
0.58 m
Track on ground
4.4 m
Ground pressure
0.87 kg/cm²
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine model
GTD-1000TF
Engine type
Gas turbine
Power output
1.100 hp
Transmission
Manual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
1.100 L internal
740 L in external drums
Mobility
Speed
70 km/h maximum
50 km/h cross country
11 km/h reverse
Range
335 km on road
440 km with external fuel drums
250 km off road
Power to weight ratio
25.9 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.45 m
Wall
1 m
Trench
3 m
Gradient
63 %
Slope
46 %
Fording
1.2 m unprepared
5 m with snorkel
Protection
Armor type
Composite with ceramic inserts
ERA
No
NBC system
Yes, overpressure type
Smoke system
8x Type 902A Tucha
Equipment
Night vision
TVNE-4B for driver
TKN-3V 5x day and 4.2x night sight for commander
Fire control system
1A33 fire control system
laser range finder
9K112-1 Kobra missile control
Radio
R-123 radio
R-124 intercom

Variants


T-80B

T-80B main battle tank on display in a museum.
Source: One half 3544 - © Public domain

List of T-80B variants

T-80B obr 1978
Initial production model of the T-80B. Produced for about 2 years before switching to the 1980 model with more capable engine.
T-80B obr 1980
Main production model of the T-80B. Most notable upgrade is the 1.100 hp GTD-1000TF multi-fuel gas turbine engine.
T-80B obr 1982
Late production variant of the T-80B. Features the newer 2A46M-1 main gun.
T-80BK
Command tank version of the T-80B. Features additional radio, telescopic mast and navigational equipment. In order to facilitate extra equipment the ammunition load is reduced and 9K112 Kobra system has been removed.
T-80BV
Variant with Kontakt-1 ERA and re-arranged external turret layout. Produced as new vehicles from 1985 until production switched to T-80U. Majority of existing T-80B were retrofitted to this standard from 1985 onward during periodical maintenance.

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