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T-80U


T-80UK | T-80UM


Overview


T-80U

T-80U main battle tank.
Source: Vitaly V. Kuzmin - © GNU Attribution Share Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Main battle tank
Entered service
1986
Status
In service
Development
Mid 1980's
Developer
Soviet Union
Production
1985 - 1990's
Producer
Soviet Union - Omsktransmash
Russia - Omsktransmash
Number produced
Over 450
Designations
Obyekt 219AS (GABTU index for T-80U)
Obyekt 630A (GABTU index for T-80UK)
Notable users
Soviet Union
Russia
Cyprus
South Korea

Details


Facts T-80U obr. 1992
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Main battle tank
Crew
3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Dimensions
Weight
46 t combat load
Length
9.55 m gun forward
7.01 m hull
Width
3.60 m
Height
2.22 m to turret roof
Main armament
Type
125mm 2A46M-4 smoothbore gun
Mount
Main gun in turret
Ammunition
45 rounds, including 6 missiles
Loading
Caroussel type autoloader
28 round capacity
Elevation
-5° to +14°, powered
Traverse
360°, powered
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Coaxial armament
Type
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
1.250 rounds, 250 ready to fire
Traverse
Traverse and elevation as main armament
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Secondary armament
Type
12.7mm NSVT heavy machine gun
Mount
Turret roof
Ammunition
300 rounds, 50 ready to fire
Elevation
Manual
Traverse
360°, manual
Stabilizer
No
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels
Layout
Idler front, drive sprocket rear
Track width
0.58 m
Track on ground
4.4 m
Ground pressure
0.92 kg/cm²
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine model
GTD-1250
Engine type
Gas turbine
APU
GTD-18A
Power output
1.250 hp
Transmission
Manual, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
1.100 L internal
740 L in external drums
Mobility
Speed
70 km/h
50 km/h cross country
Range
335 km on road
440 km with external fuel drums
250 km off road
Power to weight ratio
27.2 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.45 m
Wall
1 m
Trench
3 m
Gradient
63 %
Slope
46 %
Fording
1.2 m unprepared
5 m with snorkel
Protection
Armor type
Composite with ceramic inserts
ERA
Kontakt-5 ERA
NBC system
Yes, overpressure type
Smoke system
8x Type 902A Tucha
Equipment
Night vision
PNK-4S day/night sight for commander
Buran-PA thermal sight for gunner
Fire control system
1A45 fire control system
laser range finder
9K119 Refleks or 9K119M Invar missile control
Radio
R-163-50U

Variants


T-80U

Frontal view of T-80U main battle tank in the field.
Source: Vitaly V. Kuzmin - © GNU Attribution Share Alike license

List of T-80U variants

T-80U (preproduction)
Some early T-80U were produced with Kontakt-1 ERA tiles instead of the Kontakt-5 as planned for the T-80U. These were produced around 1985.
T-80U (early)
First series production model. Introduced around 1986. Fitted with Kontakt-5 ERA and GTD-1000F engine.
T-80U obr 1990
T-80U fitted with the improved 9K119M Invar barrel launched anti-tank guided missile.
T-80U obr 1992
Late production model with more powerful GTD-1250 multifuel turbine engine.
T-80UK
Command tank based on the T-80U. Introduced in the early 1990's. Fitted with Shtora-1 countermeasure system, Agava-2 thermal sight, TNA-4 navigation system, long range R-163U and R-163K radio sets, APU and fuse setting system for HE shells.
T-80UM
Upgraded model introduced in 1992. Features Agava-2 thermal sight, neutron absorbent liner and improved radio set.

Media


Related articles


T-80BV

The T-80U is the successor of the T-80BV, which has the earlier model turret and older generation Kontakt-1 ERA.