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FGM-148 Javelin



Overview


FGM-148 Javelin

US troops firing Javelin anti-tank missile during a training in Estonia.

Source: US Army, Sgt Ben Houtkooper - © Public domain

Origin
United States
Type
Man portable anti-tank missile
Entered service
1996
Status
In service
Developer
United States - Texas Instruments
United States - Martin Marietta
Production
1996 - present
Producer
United States - Raytheon
United States - Lockheed Martin
Number produced
Over 12.000 CLU
Over 45.000 missiles
Unit cost
$ 126.000 for a CLU in 2002
$ 78.000 for a missile in 2002
$ 174.000 for a missile in 2019

Description


Introduction

The FGM-148 Javelin is a modern man portable anti-tank missile system of US origin. It was developed from the mid 1980's to the early 1990's in order to replace the M47 Dragon in US service. The Javelin is a significant step forward in combat effectiveness and crew survivability compared to the older M47 Dragon.

Design

The Javelin is a reusable system centered around the Command Launch Unit (CLU). This portion houses the optical sights and controls. The missiles are carried in a container that also acts as a single use launch tube. The missile is launched at an upward angle since the Javelin is a top attack weapon system. Against bunkers a more direct line of flight is used. The Javelin is a self homing system. The nose of the missile features the automatic infrared guidance system. This allows the operator to immediately seek cover after launch. The Javelin is man portable. The crew of two carry a single CLU and two missiles.

Firepower

The Javelin missile features a tandem HEAT warhead. This is able to penetrate armor equivalent to 600 to 800 mm RHA. Since the Javeline attacks targets from the top it is able to engage all types of vehicle currently in use. Early missiles have a maximum range of 2.5 km. Current generation missiles can be used out to 4.75 km.

Users

The first and main operator of the Javelin is the United States. The Javelin has been exported in large numbers, despite its high costs. Various nations in Europe, the Middle East and Asia have acquired the Javelin.

Details


Facts FGM-148 Javelin
General
Origin
United States
Type
Anti-tank guided weapon
Guidance
Imaging infrared
Missile dimensions
Weight
11.8 kg
Diameter
127 mm missile
Wingspan
0.38 m
Length
1.08 m missile
System mimensions
Weight
22.3 kg including CLU
6.1 kg CLU
Diameter
142 mm tube
Length
1.2 m tube
Warhead
Type
Tandem shaped charge
Penetration
Over 600 mm RHA behind ERA
Fuse
Impact fuse
Propulsion
Engine
Solid propellant rocket motor
Range
4.75 km maximum
2.5 km practical
Max speed
Subsonic

Media


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