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QJZ89


Type 89


Overview


QJZ89

Chinese 12.7mm QJZ89 heavy machine gun with tripod in low position.
Source: Chinese internet - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
China
Type
Heavy machine gun
Entered service
1989
Status
Limited service
Development
Late 1980's
Developer
China
Production
Early 1990's - present
Producer
China
Designations
QJZ89 / 89式重机枪
Type 89
Notable users
China

Description


Introduction

The QJZ89 is a heavy machine gun of Chinese origin. It was developed as a lighter and more reliable replacement for the Type 77 and Type 85 heavy machine guns. The QJZ89 is one of the lightest and most portable heavy machine guns.

Design

The QJZ89 was designed for infantry use and was to be as light as possible. Although derived from the Type 85, it uses a new hybrid system for cycling the weapon. The direct impingement gas system unlocks the weapon and the short recoil mechanism cycles it. The result is a much lower rate of fire. Unlike the tubular receiver used on previous models, the QJZ89 has a squared receiver, a pistol grip and more elaborate shoulder stock. For infantry use the QJZ89 is mounted on a low profile tripod. The low profile tripod can be put in an elevated position for anti-aircraft use. The QJZ89 can also be fitted onto a pintle mount on a vehicle.

Firepower

The W85 fires the 12.7x108mm Soviet round from 50 round belts. It is able to fire the standard Chinese Type 54 round as well as more modern armor piercing ammunition. The cyclic rate of fire is 450 to 600 rounds per minute. Despite the light weight the recoil is reportedly very manageable. The lightweight barrel is not suited for sustained fire, but can be swapped rapidly.

Users

The QJZ89 is in limited use with the Chinese military. In the PLA the QJZ89 is used at the battalion and company level. Some special forces buggies and all terrain vehicles have been fitted with QJZ89. In the PLA Navy the QJZ89 is used on pedestal mounts in a self-defense role for surface vessels.

Details


Facts QJZ89
General
Origin
China
Type
Heavy machine gun
Caliber
Caliber
12.7x108mm Soviet
Feed system
Belt fed
50 round belts
Barrel length
1.003 mm
Rifling
Right hand twist
Muzzle velocity
825 m/s
Operation
Action
Hybrid direct gas impingement and short recoil
Locking
Yes
Fire selector
0 - F
Rate of fire
450 - 600 rpm
Dimensions
Stock type
Fixed shoulder stock
Length
1.64 m
Weight
17.5 kg gun only
Sights
Mechanical
Iron sights, hooded post front and adjustable ladder rear
Optics
Optional optical sight
Optional night vision sight
Accessories
Tripod
8.5 kg lightweight tripod

Media


Related articles


Norinco QJC88

In Chinese service the QJC89 is intended for infantry use, while the heavier QJC88 is used as vehicle armament.

Kord

The Russian Kord is also a heavy machine gun with much reduced weight. The QJZ89 is even lighter than the variant of the Kord with shoulder stock and bipod.