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Project 183 Bolshevik class


NATO: P-6 class


Overview


P-6 class

East German P-6 class with depth charges clearly visible behind torpedo tubes.
Source: www.harpoondatabases.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Torpedo boat
Entered service
Early 1950's
Status
Obsolete
Development
Early 1950's
Developer
Soviet Union
Production
1952 - 1960 (USSR)
1958 - 1966 (China)
Producer
Soviet Union - No. 5 shipyard, Leningrad
Soviet Union - No. 602 shipyard, Vladivostok
Soviet Union - No. 640 shipyard, Sosnovka
China
North Korea
Number produced
333 Project 183
26 Project 183T/TK
60 Project 183 Ts
At least dozens in China
At least 40 in North Korea
Designations
Project 183 Bolshevik (official Soviet name)
P-6 class (NATO reporting name)
Notable users
Soviet Union
China
North Korea
Egypt

Description


Introduction

The P-6 class is a motor torpedo boat of Soviet origin. It was developed in the early 1950's to complement the older and smaller P-4 class. These motor torpedo boats were used in large numbers from shore bases and were intended to intercept incoming enemy frigates and destroyers. The P-6 class was widely used by Soviet forces during the early decades of the Cold War but is obsolete nowadays. The hull of the P-6 class was later used in the Komar class which carried anti-ship missiles instead of torpedoes. In China the Swatow (Type 55A Shantou) class gunboat was developed on the P-6 hull.

Layout

The P-6 is a much larger vessel than the earlier P-4 and has better sea going ability. The P-6 has a classic motor torpedo layout with a small cabine in the middle, the engines at the rear and the torpedo tubes at each side of the cabin. A small gun turret is located in front of and behind the cabin. The hull was made of a treated plywood sandwich to keep the weight down. A retractable radar mast is fitted for navigation and surface search.

Firepower

The P-6 is armed with two 533mm torpedo tubes that launch the Type 53 series of torpedo. The P-6 is usually fitted with World War 2 era straight running torpedoes, although some early Cold War designs can also be used. Instead of torpedoes two mines can be carried. There are also simple side mounted racks for up to 12 depth charges. On the front deck and the aft deck a turret with two 25mm 2M3 autocannon are fitted. These guns can be used against aircraft and surface targets and are manually aimed.

Mobility

The P-6 has four diesel engines that are directly connected to a single shaft with a fixed pitch propeller. The engines cannot be set to reverse which hampers maneuvering in confined spaces. The diesel engines can lay a smoke screen by injecting fuel in the exhaust. The maximum speed is 43 knots. When travelling at 30 knots the operational range is 450 nm.

Users

The P-6 class is one of the most produced military vessels in the world totaling over 600 ships. Large quantities were used by the USSR navy and exported to various allies, some of which also produced them under license. With the introduction of missile armed attack craft the motor torpedo boat became obsolete and most were scrapped in the 1970's and 80's. Only Egypt has a number of modified vessels in active use.

Variants


P-6 class

Forward view of P-6 with sensor mast lowered.
Source: www.harpoondatabases.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Project 183
Standard production model. 333 produced in several shipyards in the USSR in the 1950's. The torpedo tubes can be replaced by racks for naval mines.
Project 183TK
Variant with additional gas turbine engine powering a fifth shaft for increased maximum speed. Prototype was named Project 183T and the 25 production models Project 183TK. Also features a torpedo fire control system. In order to reduce weight the depth charges and ability to lay mines have been removed.
Project 183Ts
Unmanned target ship. Fitted with gas turbine powering a fifth shaft for increased 50 kt speed. 60 produced in the mid to late 1950's. Lacks torpedo armament and gun turrets.
Project 183U
Prototype with four torpedo tubes and more powerful diesel engines. Displacement increased to 92 tons, but speed was too low. Two more variants with gas turbine arrangement were developed but not accepted for service.

Details


Facts Project 183 Bolshevik Project 183TK Bolshevik
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Torpedo boat
Complement
14, including 2 officers
Dimensions
Displacement
67 t full load
61.5 t normal
56 t standard
Length
25.5 m
Beam
6.18 m
Draft
1.2 m
Propulsion
Arrangement
4x diesel engine
Machinery
M-50F diesel engine
M-50F-1 and M-50FTK in later ships
Power output
4x 1.200 hp
Propulsion
4 shafts with three blade propeller
Mobility
Speed
43 - 44 kt maximum
33 kt cruise speed
14 kt economic speed
Range
1.000 nm at 14 kt
600 nm at 33 kt
Autonomy
5 days
Sensors
Surface radar
Zarnitsa
Systems
Self-defense
DA-7 smoke generator
4x MDSh smoke bombs
Guns
Anti-aircraft
2x2 25mm 2M-3M, with 2.000 rounds
ASW
Torpedo tubes
2x1 533mm TTKA-53M
Torpedo types
53-38U, 53-39, possibly more modern torpedoes as well
Depth charges
8x BB-1
Naval mines
Can be carried in racks instead of torpedo tubes
18 AMD-500 or combination of 6 KB-3 plus 8 AMD-500

Media


Related articles


Project 183R class

The Project 183R (NATO: Komar) class missile boat is based on the design of the Project 183 torpedo boat.

25mm 2M-3

Two 2M-3 turrets with two 25mm autocannon each are fitted to the Project 183 Bolshevik class. These can be used against aerial and surface targets. Since these are manually operated their anti-aircraft effectiveness is limited.

Type 53-38

One of the types of 533mm torpedoes used by the Project 183 Bolshevik class is the World War 2 era Type 53-38U heavyweight torpedo.

Type 53-39

The Type 53-39 was often used on the Project 183 Bolshevik motor torpedo boats.