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Project 1400 Grif class


NATO: Zhuk class


Overview


Zhuk class

Mauritian Zhuk class coastal patrol craft during a visit in India.
Source: www.pages.intnet.mu - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Patrol craft
Entered service
Late 1970's
Status
In service
Development
Early 1970's
Production
1976 - 1996
Producers
Soviet Union
Russia
Number produced
Over 300 built, production complete
Designations
Project 1400 Grif
Official designation
Zhuk class
NATO reporting name

Description


Introduction

The Zhuk class is a coastal patrol craft of Soviet origin. It was developed in the early 1970's as a cheap and rugged patrol craft for coast guard and border guard duties.

Layout

The Zhuk is a small vessel with a conventional design. A one level cabin is located in the middle and the two diesel engines are fitted at the rear. A small mast houses the navigation and surface search radar. A small one man turret located on the front deck and many vessels feature a similar turret at the rear deck. Alternatively a single pintle mounted machine gun is mounted at the rear deck.

Firepower

Most Zhuk are armed with two one man turrets that are fitted with two 12.7mm NSV heavy machine guns. The aft turret is not present in some vessels and a single pintle mounted NSV is fitted instead. The turrets do not feature any kind of fire control and are manually aimed.

Mobility

The Zhuk class is powered by two diesel engines that each power a single shaft. The maximum speed is 30 knots. When travelling at 15 knots the operational range is 1.100 nm. While being a small vessel the Zhuk is limited to coastal operations.

Users

The Zhuk class was produced for the USSR border guard and for export. The Zhuk has been exported to a wide variety of nations with ties to the USSR or Russia. Many Zhuk vessels remain in service around the world and are likely to remain in service despite their age.

Details


Zhuk class

Mauritian Zhuk class coastal patrol craft.
Source: www.pages.intnet.mu - © copyright lies with original owner

Project 1400 Grif (Zhuk) class

The "Zhuk class" is the NATO reporting name for what is called the "Project 1400 Grif" class in Russia. While being in production for over 20 years there are some small changes in the design. Variants include the original Project 1400 and the improved Project 1400M. The designation may indicate having one or two turrets fitted or may refer to other differences.

Facts Project 1400 Grif
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Patrol craft coastal
Crew
11 incl 3 officers
Dimensions
Displacement
39.5 t full load
Length
24 m
Width
5 m
Draft
1.2 m
Mobility
Engines
2x Type M401B diesel, 2.200 hp sustained
Propulsion
2 shafts
Max speed
30 kt
Range
1.100 nm at 15 kt
Sensors
Surface search radar
Spin Through, I-band, 44 nm max, 25 nm typical
Armament
Guns
2x2 12.7mm NSV twin gun turret at front and aft deck