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BMD-3



Overview


BMD-3

BMD-3 with Konkurs anti-tank guided missile on its launch rail.

Source: www.army.lv - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Mechanized infantry combat vehicle
Entered service
1990
Status
In service
Development
1983 - 1986
Developer
Soviet Union - VTZ / Volgograd tractor plant
Production
1985 - 1986 (6 prototypes)
1990 - 1997 (series production)
Producer
Soviet Union - VTZ / Volgograd tractor plant
Russia - VTZ / Volgograd tractor plant
Number produced
143, including prototypes
Designations
Obyekt 950
GABTU index
BMD-3 / Boyevaya Mashina Desanta 3
Russian for "airborne combat vehicle 3"
Bachka
Design project name
Notable users
Russia
Angola

Description


Introduction

The BMD-3 is a mechanized infantry combat vehicle of Soviet origin. It was developed in the early to mid 1980's as a next generation airborne combat vehicle. Development took place at the same time as the BMP-3. A high level of parts commonality between BMD-3 and BMP-3 was envisioned. The 100mm 2A70 low pressure cannon was considered, but would result in only two vehicles carried by strategic airlifters, instead of three when using the BMP-2 turret. The more recent BMD-4 does have the 100mm 2A70 cannon.

Layout

The BMD-3 features a lightweight aluminum hull and variable height hydropneumatic suspension in order to make it suitable for airlifting. Compared to the earlier BMD-1 and -2 the BMD-3 is a larger vehicle. The two man turret and tripple ammunition load make it more combat effective. The driver is seated at the front. On either side of the driver one of the infantrymen serves as a bow gunner. The two man turret and passenger compartment are located in the middle. The engine is located at the rear and the passengers dismount over the engine compartment.

Firepower

The main armament is similar to the BMP-2 since both vehicles use the same turret. The main armament is the powerful 30mm 2A42 dual feed autocannon. It has a cyclic rate of fire of either 200 to 300 rounds per minute or 550 rounds per minute. The latter fire mode is hardly used. The effective range is 1.5 km against vehicles and about 2.5 km against slow moving helicopters and soft targets. A 7.62mm PKT machine gun is mounted as a coaxial weapon. Additionally there is a 9P135 missile launcher on the roof which is able to fire both 9M113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel) and 9M111 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot) anti-tank missiles. On either side of the bow there is a weapon, which is operated by the infantry. On the left there is a 30mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher, on the right side a RPK-74M is fitted. It is likely both weapons can be used away from the vehicle.

Protection

The BMD-3 has an aluminum hull and steel turret. The weight limitations make that the protection level is similar to an armored personnel carrier. Over the frontal arc the armor is rated to protect against 12.7mm rounds. There is all around protection against small arms fire and shell splinters. There are three smoke grenade launchers on either side of the turret.

Mobility

The BMD-3 has a good mobility. The tracked chassis provides the BMD-3 with a good cross country performance. On roads the maximum speed is over 70 km/h. The 450 hp diesel engine provides a high power to weight ratio, making it rather mobile in the field. The BMD-3 is fully amphibious.

Users

The BMD-3 was adopted by Russian forces to supplement and replace some of the BMD-1P and BMD-2. Apparently the BMD-3 is used only by airborne troops, not naval infantry. Due to the economic situation the 1990's only about 140 BMD-3's were produced. A small number of ex-Russian vehicles was exported to Angola.

Details


BMD-3

BMD-3 airborne combat vehicle on display in 2009.

Source: Vitaly V. Kuzmin - © GNU Attribution Share Alike license

Variants of the BMD-3

BMD-3: Baseline airborne combat vehicle. Nearly all vehicles were produced as this variant.

BMD-3K: Commander version. Probably includes additional radios and navigation equipment. Reportedly adopted in very small numbers in 1996.

BMD-3M: Improved version with lengthened chassis and more powerful armament. Later designated as BMD-4. Described in separate article.

Facts BMD-3
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Airborne combat vehicle
Crew
3 + 5 (commander, driver, gunner, 5 troops)
Dimensions
Weight
12.9 t
Length
6.36 m gun forward
6 m chassis
Width
3.13 m
Height
2.17 m suspension lowered
2.45 m suspension raised
Main armament
Type
30mm 2A42 autocannon
Mount
Turret
Ammunition
860 rounds, 500 ready to fire
Elevation
-5 to +75 degrees, powered
Traverse
360 degrees, powered
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Sight
BPK-2-42 day and night sight
Secondary armament
Type
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
2.000 rounds
Traverse
Traverse and elevation as main armament
Stabilizer
Yes, both axis
Anti-tank guided missile
Type
9M113 Konkurs anti-tank guided missile
Alternative: 9M111 Fagot anti-tank guided missile
Launcher
9P135M pedestal mounted launcher on turret roof
Ammunition
5 missiles, 1 ready to fire
Left bow mounted weapon
Type
30mm AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher
Mount
Bow mount on left side of driver
Ammunition
290 rounds, 29 ready to fire
Traverse
Manual elevation and traverse, fires over frontal arc
Right bow mounted weapon
Type
5.45mm RPK-74M light machine gun
Mount
Bow mount on right side of driver
Ammunition
2.160 rounds, 45 ready to fire
Traverse
Manual elevation and traverse, fires over frontal arc
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 5 roadwheels
Idler front, drive sprocket rear
Suspension
Hydropneumatic
Automotive
Engine
2V-06-2 water-cooled diesel
450 hp
Mobility
Speed
70 km/h on road
45 km/h off road
10 km/h afloat
Range
500 km on road
275 - 300 km off road
Power to weight ratio
34.9 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.13 to 0.53 cm, due to variable suspension
Wall
0.8 m
Trench
1.5 m
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Aluminum alloy hull
Steel turret
NBC system
Yes, overpressure
Smoke
2x3 81mm smoke grenade dischargers
Exhaust diesel injection
Equipment
Night vision
Yes
Radio
R-123M

Media


Related articles


BMP-2

The BMD-3 airborne combat vehicle is fitted with the same turret as used on the late model BMP-2.