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9K35 Strela-10

NATO: SA-13 Gopher


9K35 Strela-10

9K35 Strela-10 system launcher a 9M37 missile.
Source: - © copyright lies with original owner

Soviet Union
Self-propelled SAM system
Entered service
In service
1969 - 1976
Soviet Union - KB Tochmash design bureau
1975 - ?
Soviet Union - KMZ
Russia - KMZ
Number produced
Over 500 launch vehicles
SA-13 Gopher (NATO reporting name)
9K35 (GRAU index)
ZRK-BD (Russian military servic)



The 9K35 Strela-10 is a late Cold War era self-propelled SAM system of Soviet origin. In the West this system is known by its NATO reporting SA-13 Gopher. The 9K35 can be seen as a much improved version of the earlier 9K31 Strela-1 (NATO: SA-9 Gaskin) system it was designed to replace.


The 9K35 is based on the MT-LB tracked amphibious chassis. The driver and commander are seated in the front, the engine is in the middle and the turret in the rear. The launcher is similar to the one on the 9K31, but has been fitted with a ranging radar and is able to fire the larger and much improved 9M37 missiles.


The 9K35 is fitted with a launcher for four Strela-10 missiles. The earlier 9M31 missiles of the Strela-1 system can also be fired. The 9M37 missiles feature an infra-red seeker of much higher quality than the earlier 9M31 missiles. The maximum effective range is 5 km and the maximum altitude is 3 km. For self-defense a 7.62mm PKT machine gun can be mounted at the commander's position.


The MT-LB chassis provides a good cross country mobility and reasonable road speed of up to 62 km/h. A 240 hp diesel engine provides propulsion. The 9K35 is fully amphibious.


The steel armor protects against small arms fire and shell splinters. The 9K35 is operated under full armor protection, except for reloading the missiles. An NBC system is fitted while smoke grenade dischargers are not.


The 9K35 has replaced the earlier 9K31 in Russia and most Eastern European nations. It is also widely used in the Middle East.


9K35 Strela-10

Czech 9K35 Strela-10 with launcher in raised position.
Source: - © copyright lies with original owner

9K35 Strela-10 launch vehicle

The 9K35 Strela-10, which has the NATO designation SA-13 Gopher, is a self-propelled short range SAM system. It is based on the MT-LB tracked amphibious chassis. Four versions of the launch vehicle were created, which differ only in minor details and equipment associated with improved missiles.

Launch vehicle variants

This was the first version and was produced in limited quantity. It is capable of firing the 9M31 and 9M37 missiles.
Strela-10M, Strela-10M2
The Strela-10M and Strela-10M2 are near similar and the most common models. In addition to the 9M31 and 9M37 they fire the 9M37M and MD missiles.
Strela-10M3 and M4
This is an improved launch vehicle capable of firing the 9M333 missile. The Strela-10M4 designation applies to earlier models updated to M3 standards.

9M37 missile

9M37 missile

9M37 missile outside its launch container.
Source: - © copyright lies with original owner

9M37 Strela-10 missile variants

The 9M37 is an enlarged and more capable version of the earlier 9M31 missile and is fitted with an improved infra-red seeker. The missile has a conventional layout with the seeker in the front, followed by the warhead and the rocket engine. It is transported and launched from a ribbed container.
9M37M / MD
Improved 9M37 that features a further improved infra-red seeker. The 9M37MD is a 9M37M missile fitted with a heavier and more capable warhead.
The 9M333 is the latest missile for the 9K35 system and is a further improvement of the 9M37MD. It features a dual mode seeker with photo contrast and passive infra-red guidance. The 9M333 has a much better resistance to flares and decoys and is able to lock on to smaller targets such as UAV's and cruise missiles.


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