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BMP-1



Overview


BMP-1

Restored civilian-owned BMP-1 mechanized infantry combat vehicle in the field.
Source: konflikty.pl - © GNU Attribution Share-Alike license

Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Mechanized infantry combat vehicle
Entered service
1966
Status
In service
Development
1961 - 1965
Developer
Soviet Union - GSKB-2 design bureau, part of Chelyabinsk tractor factory
Production
1966 - 1983 (USSR)
1970 - 1989 (Czechoslovakia)
Producer
Soviet Union - KMZ / Kurganmashzavod
China - (unlicensed copy)
Czechoslovakia
India
Poland
Number produced
Over 20.000 in the USSR
About 18.000 in Czechoslovakia
Designations
БМП-1 / Боевая Машина Пехоты 1
BMP-1 / Boyevaya Mashina Pekhoty 1
Russian for "infantry fighting vehicle 1"
M1967 or BMP-76PB (NATO reporting name)
BVP-1 (Czechoslovak production)
Type 86 / ZBD86 (Chinese service)

Details


Facts BMP-1
General
Origin
Soviet Union
Type
Mechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew
3 + 8 (commander, driver, gunner, 8 infantry)
Dimensions
Weight
13.2 t combat load
Length
6.74 m
Width
2.94 m
Height
2.15 m overall
1.88 m turret roof
Main armament
Type
73mm 2A28 Grom low pressure cannon
Mount
Main gun in turret
Ammunition
40 rounds
Elevation
-4 to +33°, powered
Traverse
360°, powered
Stabilizer
No
Secondary armament
Type
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Mount
Coaxial with main armament
Ammunition
2.000 rounds
Traverse
Elevation and traverse as main armament
Anti-tank guided weapon
Type
9M14 or 9M14M Malyutka anti-tank missile
Mount
Launch rail above 73mm cannon
Ammunition
5 missiles, 1 ready to fire
Guidance mode
MCLOS
Traverse
Elevation and traverse as main armament
Chassis
Chassis
Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels
Layout
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Track width
0.30 m
Length on ground
3.60 m
Tread
2.55 m
Suspension
Torsion bar
Ground pressure
0.60 kg/cm²
Automotive
Engine model
UTD-20
Engine type
15.8 liter 6-cylinder 4-stroke water-cooled diesel
Power output
300 hp at 2.600 rpm
Transmission
Manual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
460 L
Mobility
Max speed
65 km/h on road
45 km/h off road
7 km/h in water
Range
600 km on road
Power to weight ratio
22.7 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.39 m
Wall
0.8 m
Trench
2.5 m
Gradient
60 %
Slope
30 %
Fording
Amphibious
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Hull armor
19 mm hull front
16 - 18 mm sides
16 mm rear
6 mm top
Turret armor
26 - 33 mm mantlet
23 mm front
19 mm sides
13 mm rear
6 mm top
Smoke
Exhaust diesel injection
NBC system
Yes
Equipment
Night vision
Yes

Vehicles based on BMP-1 chassis


BMP-2

Improved mechanized infantry combat vehicle. Features a larger turret with 30mm 2A42 autocannon.

BMP-2M

Modern upgrade of the BMP-2. Features the Berezhok turret which adds Kornet anti-tank missiles and AGS-17 automatic grenade launcher to the BMP-2.

BRM-1K

Reconnaissance vehicle based on BMP-1 chassis. Features a larger turret and is fitted with observation devices, ground search radar and specialist equipment.

PRP-3 Val

Artillery forward observation vehicle based on BMP-1 chassis. It has a larger turret with observation devices, but lacks cannon and missile armament.

BREM-2

Armored recovery vehicle based on BMP-1 chassis. Produced in limited numbers, often based on damaged BMP-1's.

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BMD-1

The BMD-1 is an airborne infantry fighting vehicle. It is fitted with the same turret as the BMP-1.