Cookie Consent by Privacy Policies Generator

Palmaria



Overview


Palmaria

A line of Libyan Palmaria self-propelled howitzer as used in the 2011 Libyan conflict.
Source: Al Jazeera - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Italy
Type
Self-propelled howitzer
Entered service
Early 1980's
Status
In service
Development
1977 - 1981
Developer
Italy - Oto Melara
Production
1982 - 1986 (main batch)
1990 (25 extra)
Producer
Italy - Oto Melara
Number produced
Between 185 and 260 produced
Plus 20 turrets for VCA
Notable users
Libya
Nigeria

Description


Introduction

The Palmaria is a self-propelled howitzer of Italian origin. It was developed in the late 1970's by Oto Melara as a private venture and has been exported to two nations in the 1980's. The Argentine VCA mates the Palmaria turret with the locally produced TAM chassis.

Layout

The Palmaria is based on the tracked chassis of the OF-40 tank, which in turn is based on the Leopard 1. A large aluminum turret is located in the middle of the vehicle. The engine and drivetrain are located at the rear. The turret is fitted with 41-caliber howitzer with a fume extractor and double baffle muzzle brake.

Firepower

The main armament is a 155mm 41-caliber howitzer for which 30 rounds are carried, including 7 stowed in the hull. The semi-automatic loading system allows for a maximum rate of fire of 4 rpm and 1 rpm for 60 minutes. A range of Italian 155mm rounds has been developed for use with the Palmaria, but all NATO standard 155mm rounds can be fired. The maximum range is 24.7 km for normal rounds and 30 km for rocket assisted rounds.

Protection

The Palmaria is operated under full armor protection. The steel hull and aluminum turret provide protection against small arms fire and shell splinters. An NBC system and 8 smoke grenade dischargers are fitted for self-defense.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides the Palmaria a good all terrain performance. A MTU 750 hp diesel engine provides propulsion and an auxiliary power unit provides power when the engine is not running. The maximum speed is 60 km/h and on roads a range of 500 km can be achieved.

Users

Although of Italian origin the Palmaria was never adopted by Italy. It has been exported in large quantities to Libya and in smaller numbers to Nigeria. Since the mid 1990's the Palmaria is no longer marketed. It was extensively used by government forces in the 2011 Libyan conflict.

Variants


Palmaria

The Palmaria is a self-propelled howitzer based on the OF-40 chassis. It is easily identified by its box shaped chassis with drivetrain at the rear and forward positioned turret with large side doors.

VCA

The Argentine VCA 155 can be considered a variant as it uses the same turret. Compared to the Palmaria the VCA has the turret positioned further to the rear and it has no track skirts.

Details


Facts Palmaria
General
Origin
Italy
Type
Self-propelled howitzer
Crew
5 (commander, driver, gunner, 2 loaders)
Dimensions
Weight
46 t combat load
43 t empty
Length
11.47 m gun forward
7.27 m hull
Width
3.35 m
Height
2.87 m to turret roof
Main armament
Type
155mm L/41 howitzer
Mount
Main gun in turret
Ammunition
30 rounds, 23 ready to fire
Elevation
-5 to +70°, powered
Traverse
360°, powered
Rate of fire
4 rpm maximum
1 rpm sustained
Range
24.7 km with standard shells
30 km with rocked assisted shells
Secondary armament
Type
Optional 7.62mm or 12.7mm machine gun
Mount
Pintle mount on turret roof
Traverse
Manual traverse and elevation
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 7 roadwheels
Chassis layout
Idler front, drive sprocket rear
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine
MTU MB 837 Ea-500 4-stroke multifuel diesel
Power output
750 hp
Transmission
Renk RK 304
Gears
4 forward, 2 reverse
Fuel
800 L
Mobility
Speed
60 km/h
Range
500 km
Power to weight ratio
16.3 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.4 m
Wall
1 m
Trench
3m
Gradient
60 %
Slope
30 %
Fording
1.2 m
4 m with snorkel
Protection
Armor type
Steel hull
Aluminum turret
NBC system
Yes
Smoke system
2x4 76mm smoke grenade dischargers
Equipment
Night vision
Yes, for driver
Radio
Yes
APU
Yes

Media