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HN-5


Anza Mk I


Overview


HN-5

Chinese soldier with HN-5.
Source: www.fas.org - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
China
Type
Man portable SAM system
Entered service
Mid 1970’s for HN-5
1990 for Anza Mk I
Status
In service
Development
Early 1970’s
Developer
China
Production
Mid 1970’s - 1990's?
1989 - 1998 (Anza Mk I)
Producer
China - CPMIEC
Pakistan - KRL
Number produced
About 1.000 Anza Mk I
Designations
HN-5 / HongNu-5 (export sales)
HY-5 / HongYing-5 (Chinese service)
Anza Mk I (Pakistani production)
Notable users
China
Pakistan

Description


Introduction

The HN-5 is a Cold War era man portable SAM system of Chinese origin. It is a reverse engineered version of the Soviet Strela-2 (SA-7). Reportedly the name HN-5 is the export designation, with those in Chinese service called HY-5.

Design

The original HN-5 is a direct copy of the Soviet Strela-2 (SA-7A) and looks very similar. It has a common design with IR seeker in the nose and solid fuel rocket motor. Over time the missile was upgraded indigenously, but the upgrades were inspired by Soviet Strela-2M and Strela-3.

Firepower

The HN-5 is a supersonic missile with a maximum speed of 500 m/s. The maximum range is 4.4 km and the maximum altitude is 2.5 km. The seeker is rear aspect only and easily fooled by modern flares, although seeker quality was improved over time.

Mobility

The HN-5 is a very mobile system as the missile and its gripstock launcher are man portable, even over longer ranges. The system is operated by a single person.

Users

The HN-5 was adopted in quantity by Chinese forces and was exported to various nations. Early versions were used by North Vietnam against US fighter aircraft with limited success. Pakistan used it against Indian aircraft with 3 reported kills. Nowadays the HN-5 is considered outdated but it remains in use around the world. In Chinese service it has been supplemented with QW-1 and HQ-6 missiles.

Variants


HN-5B

Chinese soldiers with HN-5B man portable SAM system.
Source: Chinese internet - © copyright lies with original owner

The HN-5 is a direct copy of the Soviet Strela-2M. Subsequent improvements have been designed locally, although inspired on Soviet improvement efforts.

HN-5
Original production model. Direct copy of Soviet Strela-2 (SA-7A).
HN-5A
Improved production model with better IR seeker and improved range. Similar or slightly better performance as Soviet Strela-2M (SA-7B).
HN-5B
Further improved HN-5A with some improvements derived from Soviet Strela-3 (SA-14).
Anza Mk 1
Pakistani production of HN-5B. About 1.000 missiles produced. Entering service in 1990.
HN-5C
Vehicle mounted version of HN-5B introduced in 1986. Small 4x4 vehicle with 2x4 missiles and electro-optical system. Unknown if developed beyond prototype stage.
HQ-5C
HN-5B apparently produced to conform to 'Western standards'.

Details


Facts HN-5A
General
Origin
China
Type
Man portable SAM system
Dimensions
Length
1.44 m
Diameter
72 mm
Weight
10.2 kg for missile
5 kg for SK-5A gripstock
Guidance
Terminal phase
Single channel passive infra-red homing seeker
Warhead
Type
HE-Frag
Weight
1.17 kg
Fuse
Impact fuse
Engagement envelope
Propulsion
Single-stage solid propellant rocket motor plus ejection motor
Speed
500 m/s
Range
4.4 km maximum
800 m minimum
Altitude
2.3 km maximum
50 m minimum
Max target speed
260 m/s receding
150 m/s approaching

Media


Related articles


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The HN-5 is an improved copy of the Soviet 9K32 Strela-2 man portable SAM system.

9K34 Strela-3

The HN-5B variant incorporates some improvements reverse engineered from the Strela-3.