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Marder Roland


FlaRakPz 1


Overview


Marder Roland

German army Roland system launching a Roland 2 missile.
Source: Unknown author - © Copyright lies with original owner

Origin
Germany
Type
Self-propelled SAM system
Entered service
1980
Status
Out of service
Development
1970’s
Developer
Germany
Production
1978 - 1983
Producer
Germany
Number produced
144 Roland 2 on Marder chassis
Designations
FlaRakPz 1 / Flakraketenpanzer 1
German for "surface to air missile tank 1"
Notable users
Germany
Brazil

Description


Introduction

The Marder Roland is a self-propelled SAM system of German origin. It one of several systems that uses the German/French Roland surface to air missiles. The Roland system on Marder chassis was intended for German army use. The navy and air force acquired the Roland system on a truck chassis. Initially 340 vehicles were intended to replace the towed 40mm Bofors. This requirement was later reduced to 144 vehicles.

Design

The Marder Roland is a combination of the Marder chassis and the Roland SAM system. All systems on the Marder chassis are of the Roland 2 type. This means that it is an all weather system. The crew of three is seated in the hull. The launcher has two missiles ready to fire and eight more missiles are carried.

Guidance

Targets are acquired using the rotating search radar. This has a 16.5 km range and provides an update every second. The Roland missiles use radio command guidance. There are two engagement modes, which can be switched even during an engagement. These are manual guidance using an optical tracker and automated guidance via the fire control radar. An IFF system is present.

Firepower

The Marder Roland is designed to engage helicopters and jet aircraft in order to support frontline forces. Using the Roland 2 missile targets with speeds of up to Mach 1.2 can be engaged between 10 m and 5.5 km altitude at a range between 500 m and 6.3 km. One target can be engaged at a time.

Protection

The Marder Roland provides the same protection level as the Marder mechenized infantry combat vehicle. The welded steel armor protects from small arms fire and shrapnel all around. Over the frontal arc the armor resists autocannon rounds fired from a distance. The launcher, radar and guidance systems are probably more vulnerable than the chassis.

Mobility

The tracked Marder chassis provides good all terrain mobility. The maximum road speed is 70 km/h. The Marder Roland is not amphibious.

Users

The main user of the Roland system was the German army. A total of 140 were produced for Germany, plus 4 for export to Brazil. In Brazilian service the Marder Roland was retired from service in 2001. In German service the Marder Roland lasted until 2005.

Details


Facts Marder Roland
General
Origin
Germany
Type
Self-propelled SAM system
Crew
3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Dimensions
Weight
32.5 t combat load
Length
6.915 m
Width
3.24 m
Height
2.92 m with radar lowered
4.63 m with radar in operating mode
Main armament
Type
Roland surface to air missile
Mount
Twin missile launcher
Ammunition
10 missiles, 2 ready to fire
Fire control
Guidance mode
Command guidance with dual tracking mode
Tracking mode
Fire control radar
Manual via optical tracker
Search radar
Yes, with IFF system
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 6 roadwheels
Layout
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Ground pressure
Track on ground
3.9 m
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine model
MTU MB 833 Ea-500
Engine type
6-cylinder liquid-cooled diesel
Power output
600 hp
Transmission
Renk HSWL 194
Fuel
652 L
Mobility
Speed
70 km/h
Range
520 km on road
260 km off road
Power to weight ratio
18.5 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.44 m
Wall
1.15 m
Trench
2.5 m
Gradient
60 %
Fording
1.5 m with preparation
Protection
Armor type
Welded steel
NBC system
Yes
Smoke system
2x4 smoke grenade dischargers

Media


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Roland

The Marder Roland is a launch vehicle for the Roland 2 surface to air missile.