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AMX-105



Overview


AMX-105

Left side view of AMX-105 with 105mm L/23 howitzer.
Source: www.chars-francais.net - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
France
Type
Self-propelled howitzer
Entered service
1950 or 1952
Status
Obsolete
Development
Late 1940's
Developer
France
Production
1950's
Producer
France
Number produced
At least 430
Possibly about 550
Designations
OB 105 Mle 50 AU
Obusier Automoteur de 105mm Modèle 50
AMX Mk 61
AMX-PRA (Dutch service)
PRA / Pantser Rups Artillerie
Dutch for "armored tracked artillery vehicle"
Notable users
France

Variants


AMX-105

First production model as adopted by the French army. Also known as AMX Mk 61 or AMX-105A. This variant features the 23-caliber ordnance.

AMX-PRA

Dutch variant of the AMX-105. Features a 30-caliber howitzer, dutch radios and FN MAG machine gun. Otherwise it is similar to the French AMX-105 casemate model.

AMX-105B

Variant with a turret developed for export. Also known as AMX Mk 62. Prototypes were trailed by Switzerland but this version never entered series production.

Details


Facts AMX-105A AMX-PRA
General
Origin
France
Type
Self-propelled howitzer
Crew
5
Dimensions
Weight
16 to 16.5 t combat load
Length
5.20 m
Width
2.65 m
Height
2.6 m
Main armament
Type
105mm 23-caliber howitzer
Mount
Casemate mount
Ammunition
58, including 2 HEAT shells
Elevation
-4° to +66°
Traverse
20° left, 20° right
Rate of fire
6 rpm normal
Range
14.7 km
Chassis
Chassis type
Tracked chassis, 5 roadwheels
Layout
Drive sprocket front, idler rear
Track width
0.35 m
Ground pressure
0.83 kg/cm²
Suspension
Torsion bar
Automotive
Engine model
SOFAM 8Gxb
Engine type
8-cylinder 4-stroke liquid-cooled petrol
Power output
250 hp at 3.200 rpm
Transmission
Manual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Fuel
480 L
Mobility
Speed
60 km/h on road
Range
350 km on road
Power to weight ratio
15 hp/t
Obstacle crossing
Ground clearance
0.27 m
Wall
0.6 m
Trench
1.6 m
Gradient
60 %
Fording
0.6 m
Protection
Armor type
Steel
Armor thickness
Up to 20 mm
NBC system
None
Smoke system
None

Media


Related articles


Mk F3

The Mk F3 can be considered the larger brother of the AMX-105. The Mk F3 is armed with a 155mm howitzer, but has no armored casemate superstructure.