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Norinco QJC88



Overview


W85

Chinese soldiers with W85 on low profile tripod.
Source: www.forcesdz.forumactif.com - © copyright lies with original owner

Origin
China
Type
Heavy machine gun
Entered service
Late 1980's
Status
In service
Development
Early 1980's
Developer
China - Norinco
Production
1985 - present
Producer
China - Norinco
Designations
QJC88 (Chinese service)
CS/LM3 (recent export designation)
Notable users
China

Description


Introduction

The QJC88 is a heavy machine gun of Chinese origin. Development was started as the W85. It was developed alongside an improved version of the indigenious Type 77 heavy machine gun. The lightweight Type 77 with its rather unconventional design did not perform as well as expected. As an infantry weapon the W85 lost out to the Type 85, the improved version of the Type 77. However, several years later it was adopted under the designation QJC88 as the standard anti-aircraft machine gun for use on all new Chinese armored vehicles.

Design

The W85 was originally designed for infantry use and was to be as light as possible. This is reflected in the small receiver and thin quick change barrel. The W85 is a conventional gas operated weapon and cycles by means of a gas piston mounted under the barrel. Iron sights are fitted as well as rails for day and night optics or special anti-aircraft sights. For infantry use the W85 is mounted on a low profile tripod, which can be put in an elevated position for anti-aircraft use. The QJC88 variant for vehicle use is solenoid fired.

Firepower

The W85 fires the 12.7x108mm Soviet round from 50 round belts. It is able to fire the standard Chinese Type 54 round as well as more modern armor piercing ammunition. The cyclic rate of fire is 540 to 600 rounds per minute. The W85 proved to be more accurate than the Type 54 (DShK), but the thinner barrel heats up faster. A model firing the 12.7x99mm NATO round was developed for export and has a somewhat higher rate of fire.

Users

The W85 lost out to the Type 85 as a heavy machine gun for infantry use and it is not in Chinese use as a tripod mounted weapon. On the other hand the QJC88 variant is the standard anti-aircraft machine gun on all newer Chinese armored vehicles and thus very common in Chinese service. The W85 is offered for export in 12.7mm NATO as the CS/LM3.

Details


W85 and CS/LM3

The W85 is the orignal model that was designed for infantry use. As a gas piston operated weapon it can be distinguished from the Type 77 by the long gas piston below the barrel. It uses the same low profile tripod as the Type 85. For export sales a variant chambered in 12.7x99mm NATO was developed. This was briefly known as the W95A, but this changed to the CS/LM3 designation.

QJC88

The vehicle mounted version of the W85 is designated QJC88< in the Chinese army. It is the new standard heavy machine gun that is fitted onto armored vehicles for self-defense. As a vehicle mounted weapon it is solenoid fired and fitted in a special cradle for pintle mounting that allows for an elevation of -5 to +65°.

Facts QJC88 CS/LM3
General
Origin
China
Type
Heavy machine gun
Caliber
Caliber
12.7x108mm Soviet
Feed system
Belt fed, 50 rounds
Barrel length
1 m
Rifling
4 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity
850 m/s
Operation
Action
Gas operated, long stroke gas piston, open bolt
Fire selector
Solenoid fired
Rate of fire
540 - 600 rpm
Dimensions
Length
1.5 m
Weight
18.5 kg gun plus 15.5 kg mount
Sights
Optics
Type 58 optical sight on mount
Mechanical
Back up iron sights on gun

Media


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